|Flexible Polymeric Semiconductors: Intrinsic Mechanical Properties and Design Strategy
|LIN Jinyi1,2,AN Xiang1,BAI Lubing1,XU Man3,WEI Chuanxin1,XIE Linghai2,3,LIN Zongqiong2,HUANG Wei1,2,3,
|1 Institute of Advanced Materials (IAM),Nanjing Tech University,Nanjing 211816,China
2 Institute of Flexible Electronics (IFE),Northwestern Polytechnical University,Xi'an 710072,China
3 Institute of Advanced Materials (IAM),Nanjing University of Posts & Telecommunications,Nanjing 210023,China
Abstract In the last decade, polymeric semiconductors have attracted wide attentions owing to their potential application in organic light-emitting diodes, organic solar cell and organic field-effect transistors. Some polymer materials, especially elastomers, have excellent flexibility, such as strechability, bendability, etc., so polymeric semiconductors are considered as the most promising kind of materials in the future research of flexible electronics. The key point for the flexibility evaluation of polymeric semiconductors is intrinsic mechanical properties, for which, according to relevant works, researchers have already developed some effective approaches to determine, including stretching method, sinusoidal buckling technique, nanoindentation method, and AFM nanomechanical mapping. On the other hand, a variety of ideas for designing flexible polymeric semiconductor materials have emerged and can be classified into supramolecular strategy, "chain flexibilization" strategy, and doping/blending strategy. It is noteworthy that the orthogonal dynamic non-covalent interaction is a fundamental molecular mechanism to induce the flexibility of conjugated polymers. And the tactic based on this mechanism provides a universal method to design flexible semiconductor materials and deserves further studies. This review gives a summary on the intrinsic mechanical properties and design strategies of flexible polymeric semiconductor materials based on the state-of-the-art researches.
Published: 15 January 2020
|Fund:This work was financially supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (61874053), “High-Level Talents in Six Industries” of Jiangsu Province (XYDXX-019),Natural Science Funds of the Education Committee of Jiangsu Province (18KJA430009),the open research fund from State Key Laboratory of Supramolecular Structure and Materials (sklssm2019017) and Key Laboratory for Organic Electronics and Information Display.
|About author:: Jinyi Lin received his bachelor's degree from the Fujian Normal University (2008) and a Ph.D. degree (2014) in Nanjing University of Posts and Telecommunications (NUPT) under the supervision of Professor Linghai Xie and Professor Wei Huang. In 2011, he was a research assistant in Singapore University of Technology and Design. Afterward, he spent time at the Centre for Plastic Electronics of Imperial College London and University of Oxford as a postdoctoral researcher. Now he is an associate professor in the Institute of Advanced Material (IAM), Nanjing Tech University. His research interest focused on supramolecular plastic electronic.
Wei Huang received his B.S., M.S., and Ph.D. degrees in Chemistry from Peking University in 1983, 1988, and 1992, respectively. In 2001, he became a chair professor at Fudan University, where he founded the Institute of Advanced Materials (IAM). In 2006, he was appointed as the Deputy President of Nanjing University of Posts and Telecommunications. He was elected as the Academician of Chinese Academy of Sciences in 2011. In 2012, he was appointed as the President of Nanjing Tech University. Now he is the Deputy President and Provost of the Northwestern Polytechnical University. His research interests include flexible electronics, organic optoelectronics, nanoelectronics, and bioelectronics.
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